June 20, 2010

2010 APS Student Poster Award Winners

Best Posters

Autumn J. Kujawa, Stony Brook University

Young Daughters of Depressed Mothers Selectively Attend to Sad Emotional Faces
Autumn J. Kujawa, Dana Torpey, Jiyon Kim, Greg Hajcak, Suzanne Rose, Daniel N. Klein
This study used the dot probe paradigm to examine attentional biases in young children of chronically or recurrently depressed mothers. Daughters of depressed mothers showed biases towards sad faces and differed significantly from control daughters and sons in both groups. No differences were found for happy faces.

Theresa A. Morgan, University of Iowa

What’s in a Paper Trail? A New Document-Based Assessment of Personality, SPAN-DOC
Theresa A. Morgan, Lee Anna Clark, Peter Tyrer
Personality traits affect Axis I and II diagnoses, and also are important for treatment and functioning. Most personality measures rely on self-report, and depend on access to, presence and cooperation of individuals being assessed. The current study presents reliability, validity and structural data on a document-based measure of personality (SPAN-DOC).

Anna Weinberg, Stony Brook University

Vigilance-Avoidance in Generalized Anxiety Disorder Revealed Through Event-Related Potentials
Anna Weinberg, Greg Hajcak
Though vigilance-avoidance patterns of attentional allocation have been theorized in Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), this pattern has not yet been adequately demonstrated. The present study utilizes electrocortical indices of attention to emotional and neutral images to demonstrate early biases towards emotional material, followed by later patterns suggestive of avoidance.

Distinguished Contributions

Christine B. Cha, Harvard University

Attentional Bias Toward Suicide-Related Stimuli Predicts Future Suicidal Behavior
Christine B. Cha, Sadia Najmi, Jennifer M. Park, Christine T. Finn, Matthew K. Nock
Suicide is difficult to predict because people often deny suicidal intent. We hypothesized that people considering suicide would show an attentional bias toward suicide-related-stimuli. Data from adults presenting to an emergency room revealed that attentional bias toward suicide-specific-stimuli predicts future suicide attempt beyond clinician prediction and known risk factors.

Jiyon Kim, Stony Brook University

Psychometric Properties of the Behavioral Inhibition Questionnaire in Preschool Children
Jiyon Kim, Daniel N. Klein, Thomas M. Olino, Margaret W. Dyson, Lea R. Dougherty, Emily C. Durbin
The Behavioral Inhibition Questionnaire (BIQ; Bishop, Spence, & McDonald, 2003) is a brief parent and teacher rating scale for children’s inhibited behavior. The present study sought to examine the structure and psychometric properties of the parent and teacher versions of the BIQ in a large sample of preschool-aged children.

Katie Kryski, University of Western Ontario

HPA Axis Reactivity Patterns and Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms in Early Childhood
Katie Kryski, Heather Smith, Haroon Sheikh, Elizabeth P. Hayden, Shiva Singh
This study examined hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis reactivity to a standardized stress task, indexed via salivary cortisol, in 300 preschool-aged children. Cortisol samples were obtained at baseline and at five time points following stress induction. Preliminary findings indicate associations between cortisol reactivity and parent-reported child internalizing and externalizing symptoms with pronounced sex differences.

Nuri Reyes, Virginia Tech

What Ethnicity Can Tell Us About Early Screening of Autism Spectrum Disorders
Nuri Reyes, Michelle Patriquin, Angela Scarpa, Varsha Desai, Kathryn Kerkering
This study investigated ethnic differences in response patterns on the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers. Data were collected from 446 17- to 30-month-old toddlers (African American = 113, Latino = 112, White = 121). Findings showed that African American and Latino mothers reported higher levels of symptomatology regarding their children’s development than White mothers.

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